Hindi Notes

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Beehive Chapter 1 The Fun They Had(Thinking about language (Page 11))



Thinking about language (Page 11)

I. Adverbs

Read this sentence taken from the story:

They had once taken Tommy’s teacher away for nearly a month because the history sector had blanked out completely. The word complete is an adjective. When you add -ly to it, it becomes an adverb.

Question 1.
Find the sentences in the lesson which match adverbs given in the box below,
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Beehive Chapter 1 The Fun They Had Page 11 Q1
Answer:

awfully… and it was awfully funny… (para 1)
sorrowfully… until her mother had shaken her head sorrowfully… (para 3)
completely… the history sector had blanked out completely (para 5)
loftilyHe added loftily… (para 6)
carefully… pronouncing the word carefully,… (para 6)
differently… each kid has to be taught differently, (para 8)

Question 2.
Now use these adverbs to fill in the blanks in the sentences below.

  1. The report must be read ……………….. so that performance can be improved.
  2. At the interview, Sameer answered our questions ……………….., shrugging his shoulders.
  3. We all behave ……………….. when we are tired or hungry.
  4. The teacher shook her head ……………….. when Ravi lied to her.
  5. I ……………….. forgot about it.
  6. When I complimented Revathi on her success, she just smiled ……………….. and turned away.
  7. The President of the Company is ……………….. busy and will not be able to meet you.
  8. I finished my work ……………….. so that I could go out to play.

Answer:

  1. carefully
  2. loftily
  3. differently
  4. sorrowfully
  5. completely
  6. nonchalantly
  7. awfully
  8. quickly
Remember:
An adverb describes action. You can form adverbs by adding -ly to adjectives.
Spelling Note: When an adjective ends in -y, the y changes to I when you add -ly to form an adverb.
For example: angr-y → angr-i-ly

Question 3.
Make adverbs from these adjectives.

  1. angry …………….
  2. happy …………….
  3. merry …………….
  4. sleepy …………….
  5. easy …………….
  6. noisy …………….
  7. tidy …………….
  8. gloomy …………….

Answers:

  1. angry — angrily
  2. happy — happily
  3. merry — merrily
  4. sleepy — sleepily
  5. easy — easily
  6. noisy — noisily
  7. tidy — tidily
  8. gloomy — gloomily

II. If not and Unless

• Imagine that Margie’s mother told her, “You’ll feel awful if you don’t finish your history lesson.”
• She could also say: “You’ll feel awful unless you finish your history lesson.” Unless means if not. Sentences with unless or if not are negative conditional sentences.

Notice that these sentences have two parts. The part that begins with if not or unless tells us the condition. This part has a verb in the present tense (look at the verbs don’t finish, finish in the sentences above).

The other part of the sentence tells us about a possible result. It tells us what will happen (if something else doesn’t happen). The verb in this part of the sentence is in the future tense (you’ll feel).

Notice these two tenses again in the following examples:

Future TensePresent Tense
• There won’t be any books leftunlesswe preserve them.
• You won’t leam your lessonsif

you don’t
study
regularly.

• Tommy will have an accidentunlesshe drives more slowly.

Question 1.
Complete the following conditional sentences. Use the correct form of the verb.

  1. If I don’t go to Anu’s party tonight,
    ………………………..
  2. If you don’t telephone the hotel to order food,
    ………………………..
  3. Unless you promise to write back, I
    ………………………..
  4. If she doesn’t play any games,
    ………………………..
  5. Unless that little bird flies away quickly, the cat
    ………………………..

Answers:

  1. If I don’t go to Anu’s party tonight, she will get annoyed.
  2. If you don’t telephone the hotel to order food, you will miss your evening meal.
  3. Unless you promise to write back, I shall keep requesting you.
  4. If she does not play any games, she will become lethargic and unfit.
  5. Unless that little bird flies away quickly, the cat will pounce on it.

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